कस्त्वं कोऽहं कुत आयातः
का मे जननी को मे तातः ।
इति परिभावय सर्वमसारम्
विश्वं त्यक्त्वा स्वप्न विचारम् ॥ २३॥
Who are you? Who am I? From where do I come? Who is my mother, who is my father? Ponder thus, look at everything as essence-less and give up the world as an idle dream.
• Kasthvam – who are you?
• Ka – aham – who am I?
• Krta aayat- from where I have come?
• Ka me janani – who is my mother?
• Ka me tathaha? – Who is my father?
• Iti paribhavaya – like this keep enquiring
• Sarvam saaram – analyse the essence of all these things
• Vishwam tyaktva – think that all these things are materialistic and hence try to leave it or don’t get attached to it.
• Svapna vicharam – think of it like a dream.
“twayi mayi chaanyaktraiko vishnuhu
VyarTham kupyasi mayyasahishnuhu
Bhava samachitta sarvatra twam
• Tvayi – in you
• Mayi – in me
• Ca-anyathra – everywhere
• Eko Vishnu – there is only 1 vishnu
• Vyartha – in vain or unnecessarily
• Krupyasi – getting angry, why do you get angry or annoyed
• Mayi- in me
• Asahi-hishnu – why are you getting restless or jealous? The non-accommodative person gets easily irritated. Sahishnu is a tolerant person. Asahishnu is an intolerant person gets easily angry in vain. When you see these multiplicity as real then you get angry. i.e. when you don’t see yourself in all the beings. So you differentiate and therefore there is an expectation that it should be as per your wish.
• Samachittham – the sameness of mind. In karma yoga we call such a person is called sthitha pragya. He looks as everything as ordained by the lord. Here sama chittha means everything here is Ishwara or oneness of mind. Here the gyani is discussed and it is asked that may you be that gyani or develop that attitude. A fact means without denying and learn to accept this fact. How do you ascertain this fact? By keeping on reminding that everything here that lends existence to everything here is that Brahman. So dwell on that is what is said here.
• Bhava – may you be that.
• Achirath – soon, without any delay.
• Sarvatra tvam samachitta bhava – may you see everything here is Ishwara.
In me, in you and in everything, none but the same Vishnu dwells. Your anger and impatience is meaningless. If you wish to attain the status of Vishnu, have samabhAva, equanimity, always.
शत्रौ मित्रे पुत्रे बन्धौ
मा कुरु यत्नं विग्रहसन्धौ ।
सर्वत्रोत्सृज भेदाज्ञानम् ॥ २५॥
• Shatrau – with an enemy
• Mitre – with a friend
• Putre – with child (son or daughter).
• Bandhau – with relatives, friends or close people
• Vigraha-sandhau – even in fight or peace vigraha means enmity or sandhi or sandhau means peace
• Yatnam Maa Kuru – don’t waste the time and effort i.e don’t keep away from friends nor despise your enemies. What it implies is that may you don’t have any hatred towards anything that is said. Learn to forgive and forget and not entertain such thoughts.
• Sarvasmin-api – in everyone, with everybody or seeing everyone, treating everyone
• Pasyath-atmana – see as one atma or see oneself
Isavasya Upanishad says,
“Yasmin sarvaani bhootani atmaiva bhoota vijanathah.
Tatra ko mohah kah sokah ekatvam anupashyathah”
When a person realizes that the Self itself has become all the beings, then what delusion or sorrow can be there as he sees oneness only?
Sarvatra-utsruja bhedajnanam – remove the difference that you have or have knowledge about. Utsruja means overcome or remove. Bheda means the differences caused by ignorance of what is absolutely unreal. Nobody denies the duality, plurality, but they are empirically real but not absolutely real. It is possible to understand the empirical reality only by understanding what the absolute truth is?
Waste not your efforts to win the love of or to fight against friend and foe, children and relatives. See yourself in everyone and give up all feelings of duality completely.