दिनयामिन्यौ सायं प्रातः
शिशिरवसन्तौ पुनरायातः ।
कालः क्रीडति गच्छत्यायुः
तदपि न मुञ्चत्याशावायुः ॥ १२॥
Daylight and darkness, dusk and dawn, winter and springtime come and go. Time plays and life ebbs away. But the storm of desire never leaves
• Dinaya minyo – day and night
• Saayam praatha – evening and morning
• Shishir vasantho – shishira ruthu and vasantha ruthu
• Punar ayatha – keep comes and going
• Kaala- the time or kaalam
• Kreedathi – plays
• Ayuhu – the entire life
• Gacchanti – leaves
• Tad api – even then
• Aasha vayu – the air of desires
• Muchhati – does not leave
So what does that give us knowledge? The Upanishad gives us the clear view of what we are seeking or who we are
Upa Ni shad means the following
• Upa – means near
• Ni – means definite
• Shad –removes ignorance about you by giving knowledge. Can you ever be taken to yourself? Can the wave be taken to the ocean? No. Because you are already part of totality just like the wave is part of the ocean. So Upanishad also means that which is definite and that removes ignorance about you by giving knowledge.
That’s why distance between Moksha and you is ignorance. That’s why Bhaja govindam means
You can never attain yourself, but by knowing yourself, you have become free. Go-vindaha means as we saw before. Jagat means jayate gachate iti jagat i.e. that which comes and goes. Jayate means comes and gachati means goes. But what are you? You are jagad-isha i.e. the lord of the jagat. Why because the matter is of the nature of undergoing change, likewise, the material products also undergoes changes. Nothing is permanent and is inert and has no independent existence without anyone giving support e.g. by seeing it, or hearing it. That’s why the word vishwa, prapancha, jagat are all denoting the same that which comes and goes. Can we stop any of the changes, or modify anything permanently? We cannot have say over the material nature of the universe. That’s why it is said here that may you not be proud and can be lost in a single stroke of time.
In time everything happens and it is the nature of time that every pleasant and unpleasant things come and goes. That’s why we say ‘kaalathin vilyattu’ means kreedaha. Can we ever hold on to only night or day? No. This is how time plays. Day changes, season changes and likewise everything happens in life is the play of time. Change is inevitable and you cannot stop it.
काते कान्ता धन गतचिन्ता
वातुल किं तव नास्ति नियन्ता ।
त्रिजगति सज्जनसं गतिरैका
भवति भवार्णवतरणे नौका ॥ १३॥
Oh mad man! Why this engrossment in thoughts of wealth? Is there no one to guide you? There is only one thing in three worlds that can save you from the ocean of samsara, get into the boat of satsanga, company of good people, quickly
Dheeraha means dheeyyam iti raathi dheeraha. Dheeyyam means the mind and raathi means the protection. So who is a dheeraha? A person who protects his mind is called a brave person. He is the fearless person who does not have any fear. If you do not have your buddhi protected, you cannot be fully protected. He is the one who has wide vision. How he becomes like this or feels secured, or protected absolutely? Parandha nokku udiaiyavan. Or the one who sees everything as Ishwara. He is the person who sees things incomparably various in forms, objects but yet he sees this as a manifestation of the Brahman or reality. The one who does not think a second thing other than reality is called a dheeraha. Just like a water has no countability just like that we do not see a second thing other than reality. One who does not deny the plurality or multiplicity but he sees them as manifestation of Ishwara and is a gyani.
Otherwise unprotected mind is the anxious, painful, insecure, fearful mind. How can one get one’s mind protected? We have protection or infrastructure to protect the body. The body also includes mind but mind is an object which cannot be perceived. All other parts of the body can be protected by clothes, woollen etc., but what will do you with the mind.
So Govindam Bhaja is the only way. I.e. seek protection through knowledge. This is the only way to gain absolute protection. May you attain or may you know, may you understand and who you should attain? May you reach the lord, may you know the lord.
Explain mrutyanjaya mantra and its meaning. Absolute protection and real knowledge. As we grow older the sense of insecurity increases and especially when we are in death bed or in extreme pain we fear death and do not know what to do. When we are young, hale and hearty, we never think of that stage as our focus is to enjoy life now. But if we know the lord or have mind protected, we never fear anything any time. That’s is called Moksha.
• Vaathula Kim– Oh man, just like the wind you keep flowing with your mind
• Kaantha dhana aagatha chintha – wife, money and you are always worried about your wife, money, wealth all the time
• Te – for you
• Ka – what
• Thava – you
• Niyantha – who can control you?
• Kim naasthi – is there no one who can?
• Tri jagathi – in the 3 lokas
• Sajjana sadgathi – the company of jnani or mumukshu
• Bhavarna vatharane – the samsara or the ocean of samsara
• Nauka – like a boat
• Bhavati – becomes