Chapter 2 Verse 61

tani sarvani samyamya yukta asita matparah

vase hi yasyendriyani tasya prajna prastisthita

 

yuktah – the one who is endowed with discrimination

tani – them

sarvani –all

samyamya – keeping in one’s hands

matparah – in contemplation of me

asita – may the person sit

yasya – whose

vase – under control

indriyani – sense organs

hi – indeed

tasya – his

prajna – knowledge

pratisthita – well established

 

May the one who is endowed with discrimination, keeping all the sense organs in one’s hands, sit in contemplation of me. For the one who has all the sense organs under control, the knowledge is well established.

In the word matpara, the word mat refers to Ishwara and para means to be committed to. Asita means may he sit.  The person is advised to contemplate upon the one who is atma, the self of everything, the satya, truth of everything who is limitless, who is the inner self of all beings, not just one’s own body mind-senses, but the being of all beings, the existence in all forms of existence.

In Chapter 15, Krishna says the following verse

aham vaishvanaro bhutva praninam dehamashritaha

prana apana samayuktaha, pachamyannam chaturvidham.

aham–I; vaisvanarah–by My plenary portion as the digesting fire;bhutva–becoming; praninam–of all living entities; deham–body;asritah–situated; prana–outgoing air; apana–down-going air; samayuktah–keep balance; pacami–digest; annam–foodstuff; catuh-vidham–four kinds of.

Vedic mantras also confirm that the Supreme Lord or Brahman is situated in the form of fire within the stomach and is digesting all kinds of foodstuff. Therefore since He is helping the digestion of all kinds of foodstuff, the living entity is not independent in the eating process. Unless the Supreme Lord helps him in digesting, there is no possibility of eating. He thus produces and digests foodstuff, and, by His grace, we are enjoying life.

Therefore, let the one whose ultimate end is the self and who knows my real nature, sit in contemplation having withdrawn the senses to oneself. Such a person is a viveki. Only when a person has enough enquiries i.e. shravanam and understanding is one endowed with the capacity to discriminate.

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